By Jenny Kiffmeyer, J.D – The Retirement Learning Center
After-Tax Contributions and IRS From W-2
ERISA consultants at the Retirement Learning Center (RLC) Resource Desk regularly receive calls from financial advisors on a broad array of technical topics related to IRAs, qualified retirement plans and other types of retirement savings and income plans, including nonqualified plans, stock options, and Social Security and Medicare. We bring Case of the Week to you to highlight the most relevant topics affecting your business.
A recent call with a financial advisor from Rhode Island is representative of a common inquiry related to 401(k) after-tax contributions. The advisor asked: “My client has made non-Roth, after-tax contributions to his 401(k) plan for 2023. Will those amounts be reported on Form W-2 and, if so, where?”
Highlights of the Discussion
The answer is “maybe.” Your client will want to discuss this question with his employer and tax advisor for a definitive answer.
Generally, according to the instructions to IRS Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement, your employer may, but is not required to, report non-Roth, after-tax contributions on Form W-2 in box 14. As you will see when you look at the form, box 14 serves as a catch-all for several miscellaneous types of plan contributions, including after-tax contributions, nonelective employer contributions made on behalf of an employee, required employee contributions and employer matching contributions. An employer may also use this box to report any other information that it wants to give to an employee, including such things as state disability insurance taxes withheld, union dues, uniform payments, health insurance premiums deducted, nontaxable income, educational assistance payments, or a minister’s parsonage allowance and utilities. Each distinctive item should be labeled.